The agriculture industry in Kenya is the most prominent, important and dominant sector in Kenya. As of 2016, the sector accounted for over 23 percent to the country’s GDP and 27 percent indirectly through forward and backward linkages, 26% of the total GDP, 20% of employment, 75% of the labour force, and over 50% of revenue from exports. There is growing demand for agricultural produce in urban areas, but many smallscale farmers struggle to get their produce to the markets that will help them earn enough to support their families.
According to FAO, Kenya’s fisheries and aquaculture sector contributed approximately 0.54 percent to the country’s GDP (2013). Fish consumption has been declining from a modest 6.0 kg/caput in 2000 to 4.5 kg/caput in 2011. The value of fish exports was about USD 62.9 million in 2012, or about 5 times greater than the USD 12.3 million in fish imports. In 2013, around 129 300 people derived their livelihood from fishing and fish farming activities (including 48 300 in inland waters, 13 100 in coastal waters fishing and around 67 900 in fish farming).
About 65 per cent of the red meat is produced in the arid and semi-arid lands under pastoral production system. According to Kenya Housing and Population Census 2009, the livestock population in the country was 17,467,774 cattle, 17,129,606 sheep, 27,740,153 goats, 2,971,111 camels, 1,832,519 donkeys, 334,689 pigs, 25,756,487 poultry and 6,071,042 rabbits. There were 1,843,496 Beehives producing about 25, 000 Metric Tonnes (MT) of honey annually. There are also a variety of emerging livestock such as ostrich and crocodiles which present a potential for future livestock development.
The main supplies of stock to Nairobi, Mombasa, Malindi and other terminal markets are Marsabit, Moyale, Laikipia, Garissa, Kuria, Kajiado, Narok, Machakos, Isiolo, Nakuru, Migori and Mandera for cattle. For goats, the supplies are from Marsabit, Moyale, Garissa, Kajiado, Turkana, Machakos and Mandera. Camels are sup-plied from Marsabit, Garissa, Isiolo and Moyale. The market for livestock supplies is increasingly expanding locally and regionally. Nearly all cattle bought at Moyale and some cattle and goats purchased at Mandera originate from the Borana and Somali regions of Ethiopia. Small numbers of cattle from South Sudan and the south-western part of Ethiopia are routed to Eldoret and Nairobi through Lokichogio and Lodwar.
- Transforming key institutions in agriculture and livestock to promote household and private sector agricultural growth
- Increased productivity of crops and livestock
- Kenya will introduce new land use policies through better utilization of high and medium potential lands, prepare new lands for cultivation by strategically developing more irrigable areas in arid and semi-arid lands for both crops and livestock and by improving market access to small holders through better marketing
Flagship Projects for Livestock sector
- Development and commencement of the implementation of a 3-tiered fertiliser cost reduction program
- By improving the value gained in the production and supply chain through branding Kenyan farm products
- The planning and implementation of 4-5 Disease Free Zones and livestock processing facilities to enable Kenyan meat, hides and skins to meet international marketing standards. There will be more domestic processing of these products for regional and international markets
- The creation of a publicly accessible land registries, under an improved governance framework
- Development of an Agricultural Land Use Master Plan
Indigenous chicken are mainly found in rural areas, broilers and layers are kept commercial scale in urban areas. The commercial poultry sector is producing over one million chicks per week. A substantial number of day old chicks produced in Kenya (42%) are exported to neighbouring countries. The features of the commercial market are a growing urban population and growing retail sector such as fast food branches, supermarket branches and restaurants. The demand of commercial chicken (whole, half, parts, grilled and fried chicken) and eggs is high and growing.
The opportunities and the challenges in the Kenyan poultry sector are:
- High demand for poultry
- Feed price are high due to high raw material prices
- Necessity of a higher supply of parent stock and day old chicks
- Necessity of adequate slaughter houses and equipment
- Need of developing education in the sector
- Necessity of vaccines and drugs supply
Kenya has 13,600 square kilometres of inland lakes and 640 km of coastline. Ninety five percent of the fish landings are from fresh water lakes, 3% from marine sources, and 1 % from aquaculture. Ninety two percent of fish landings from inland lakes are from Lake Victoria, while 6% comes from Lake Turkana. Other lakes and Rivers contribute 2%. The fisheries sector supports about 150,000 people directly and about 800,000 indirectly. On average, a total of 150,000 MT is landed in the country annually. Exports of fish and fish products earn the country approximately Kshs 5 billion in foreign exchange annually. The subsector contributed about 0.7% to national GDP in 2012 valued at Kshs.28.9 billion (Economic Survey 2015).
Semi-autonomous Government Agencies
|1||Research Institutions||Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation (KALRO)||To promote, streamline, coordinate and regulate research in crops and livestock|
|Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KEMFRI)||To undertake research in marine and freshwater fisheries, aquaculture, environmental and ecological studies, marine research including chemical and physical oceanography|
|2||Commercial/ Manufacturing Corporations||Kenya Seed Company (KSC)||To carry out focused research, promote and facilitate production of high yielding, better quality certified seed to farmers and stakeholders|
|Nyayo Tea zones Development Corporation||T o effectively protect the gazetted forest cover, achieve high quality tea and fuel wood production|
|Miwami Sugar Company (in receivership)||To produce high quality sugar as part of a national strategy for achieving self -sufficiency in food production|
|Muhoroni Sugar Company (under receivership)||To produce high quality sugar as part of a national strategy for achieving self -sufficiency in food production|
|Nzoia Sugar Company||To produce high quality sugar as part of a national strategy for achieving self -sufficiency in food production|
|South Nyanza Sugar Company|
|Agro Chemical and Food Company||Production of high quality spirit for industrial and domestic use|
|Agro Development Corporation (ADC)||To ensure the continued existence of the breeds and the availability of quality stock through production and supply of quality seeds, technology transfers and training|
|Kenya Meat Commission (KMC)||To produce livestock, operate abattoirs, process meat and by products for export or consumption in Kenya|
|Kenya Veterinanry Vaccines Production Institute (KEVEVAPI)||To produce high quality animal vaccines for distribution locally and abroad|
|3||Regulatory||Agriculture and Food
|To promote best practices, in and regulate, the production,
processing, marketing, grading, storage, collection and
warehousing of agricultural products
|Kenya Plant Health
|To provide an effective and efficient science-based
regulatory service for assurance on quality of agricultural
inputs and produce
|Pest Control Products
|To provide professional, efficient and effective regulatory
service for manufacture, trade, safe use and disposal of
pest control products
|To regulate research and commercial activities involving
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) with a view to
ensuring safety of human and animal health and provision
of an adequate level of protection of the environment.
|Kenya Dairy Board
|To regulate, develop and promote the dairy industry in
|Kenya Veterinary Board
|To regulate, develop and promote the veterinary
profession in Kenya
|To Provide Quality Agricultural Education through
Training, Innovation and Extension Services
|5||Statutory bodies||Agricultural Information
|To provide quality agricultural information to the farming
community and other stakeholders using integrated
|6||Service||Kenya Tsetse and
|To coordinate eradication of tsetse and trypanosomiasis in
|Kenya Animal Genetic
|To promote optimum productivity of the national animal
population through provision of high quality disease free
animal germ plasm and related breeding services
|7||Management||Kenya Fisheries Service||Conservation, management and development of fisheries
|8||Marketing||Kenya Fish Marketing
|Marketing of fish and fishery products|
|Development, promotion and marketing of livestock and
The last three SAGAs in the above table are new and will be operationalized in 2017/18 FY.
|Name of Institution||Mandate|
|Animal Health Training
Institute (AHITI) Kabete
|Training of veterinary para-professionals for provision of Veterinary Services.
|Training of veterinary para-professionals for provision of Veterinary Services.
|Training of veterinary para-professionals for provision of
|Dairy Training Institute –
|Training of pre-service and in-service technical staff and
other stakeholders along the dairy value chain.
|Meat Training Institute
|Training of Meat Industry personnel for
improved meat hygiene standards.
|Pastoral Training Centre-
|Training of stakeholders on pastoralism
| Pastoral Areas Training
Centre – Narok
|Training of stakeholders on pastoralism|
|Mobile Pastoral Training
|Training of stakeholders on pastoralism|
|Kenya Institute of
Surveying and Mapping
|Training of land surveyors, cartographers,
photogrammetrists and photo-lithographers
Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries
The Ministry has its fundamental goal and purpose of conserving protecting and managing agricultural livestock and fisheries resources for socio-economic development. Its aim is to improve the living standards of people by ensuring maintenance of agricultural livestock and fisheries resources. The ministry was created in 2013 following the merge of the three ministries of agriculture, livestock development and marketing, fisheries.
Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning
The sub-sector is mandated to provide policy direction on matters related to land notably:
national lands policy and management; physical planning; land transactions; survey and
mapping; land adjudication; settlement matters; rural settlement planning i.e. eco-village;
land reclamation; land registration; national spatial infrastructure; land and property valuation services, administration and land information systems.
National Land Commission
The mandate of the commission as per the constitution Article 67 and the National land
commission Act No. 3 of 2012 is to manage public land on behalf of the National and County
Governments; recommend a National Land Policy to the National Government; advise the
National Government on a comprehensive program for registration of title in land throughout
Kenya; conduct research related to land and the use of natural resources and make
recommendations to appropriate authorities; initiate investigations on its own initiative or on
a complaint into present or historical land injustices and recommend appropriate redress;
encourage the application of traditional dispute resolution mechanisms in land conflicts;
assess tax on land and premiums on immovable property in any area designated by law;
monitor and have oversight responsibility over land use planning throughout the country;
alienate public land; monitor the registration of all the rights and interests in land; ensure
sustainable management of land for their intended purpose and for future generation; develop
and maintain an effective public land information management system at National and County levels.
State Department for Livestock
The mandate of the subsector is livestock policy management; livestock research and
development; development of standards and guidelines for livestock production and
extension; development of livestock industry; livestock marketing; range development and
management; veterinary services and disease control; livestock branding; promotion of
beekeeping; livestock insurance policy; promotion of tannery and dairy industry.
State Department for Fisheries and the Blue Economy
The mandate of the State Department for Fisheries and the Blue Economy is fisheries policy;
fisheries licensing; development of fisheries; fisheries marketing; fish quality assurance;
development of policy framework for Kenya’s maritime blue economy ; development of
Legal, regulatory and institutional framework for the blue economy; enhancement of
technical cooperation; maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal zone management;
protection and regulation of marine ecosystems; protection of fisheries in the Exclusive
Economic Zone (EEZ); overall policy for exploitation of agro-based marine resources;
development of fishing ports and associated infrastructure; capacity building for sustainable exploitation of agro-based marine resources; promotion of sustainable use of food based aquatic resources; protection of aquatic ecosystem; and promotion of Kenya as a centre for agro-based blue economy._
The information in the sector is organized as follows;