The Government of Kenya through the Vision 2030 recognises the importance of ICT in economic development and has therefore initiated major steps to promote its use. Vision 2030 Science, Technology and Innovation Sector plan (2013-2017) has also identified Telecommunications, Electronics and Computers (TEC) as one of the nine priority thrusts that will provide the country with technologies and innovations that will develop high-tech vibrant, affordable and globally competitive ICT infrastructure and technology.
One of the major initiatives that the Government is pursuing is to improve ICT infrastructure in order to bridge the digital divide and lower the cost of communications. The Government is also levelling the ground through the development and implementation of policy and regulations aimed at attracting investment within the sector. The Government recognises information to be a resource that must be generated, collected, organized, leveraged, secured and preserved to enhance national prosperity.
The ICT sector in Kenya has changed dramatically over the past decade transitioning to a burgeoning market. In terms of ICT infrastructure, a national fibre optic infrastructure is in place and four submarine cables are online (TEAMS – East Africa Marine System, SEACOM, EASSy – East African Submarine Systems, and LION Optical Fiber Submarine Cable System). The expanded terrestrial fibre optic cable (5,500 kms) is complete and linked to the undersea cable.
Infrastructure Support in ICT and Telecom Sector in Kenya has been summarized to include the following